Like pregnancy and childbirth, you should learn about breastfeeding and formula feeding before becoming a new mom.



  1. Exclusive breastfeeding (only breastmilk) for the first six months,

  2. Gradually introducing other nutritious foods at six months along with continued breastfeeding for two years and beyond. 
Breastfed babies typically get sick less. Breastfeeding reduces the risk of ear infections, diarrhea, and stomach problems.

Children who are breastfed have a lower rate of certain illnesses as they grow up. Babies who are not breastfed have a higher risk of asthma, diabetes, and childhood obesity.  Since African-Americans are at an increased risk for these conditions, it’s important to understand the long-term benefits of breastfeeding.

Breastfeeding allows your body to recover from pregnancy and childbirth more quickly. The hormones released when you breastfeed make your uterus contract back to its pre-pregnancy size. Breastfeeding reduces cancer risk. According to studies, breastfeeding reduces the risk of developing breast cancer and ovarian cancer in moms.

Before your milk comes in, in the first few days after birth, your breasts make a thick, sticky, yellowish fluid sometimes referred to as “liquid gold.” This is called colostrum, this liquid has the calcium, potassium, proteins, minerals, and antibodies your baby needs.  Your baby needs only a few teaspoons to feel full and stay healthy until your milk flow increases, about two to five days after birth.

Your breast milk changes during a feeding session. When your baby first starts to nurse, your milk is a watery bluish color. Toward the end of the feeding session, your baby gets to thicker, fattier milk, which gives your baby the calories needed to grow healthy and strong.



Higher risk of allergy: Formula feeding is linked to higher incidence of eczema, allergies to food, inherited allergies and allergies which affect breathing such as hay fever.

Higher risk of asthma: Medical studies show that babies who are fed formula are 40 to 50 per cent more likely to have asthma or wheezing.
 ✔ Higher risk of obesity: Research is showing that children who are formula fed are nearly 40 per cent more likely to be obese than children who are breastfed – even after looking at other things that may explain why a person may be overweight.


Higher risk of childhood cancers: Research shows that children who have not been breastfed are more likely to get leukemia and other cancers than children who were given only breastmilk.


Higher risk of heart disease: A study shows that breastfeeding may help to reduce the risk of heart disease by keeping cholesterol levels low later in life. It also showed that 13- to 16- year-olds who were formula fed have higher blood pressures than children who had received breastmilk.


Higher risk of death from diseases: Babies who are formula fed have a higher risk of death due to illnesses such as diarrhea and lung infections.


Risk of lower intelligence: Studies show that children who are breastfed do better on intelligence tests than children who were formula fed.



Sources: womenshealth.gov,infactcanada.ca