Latest Issues

Back to Articles

May 2019

What Is a Comprehensive Metabolic Panel?

comprehensive metabolic panel

A comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) is a series of blood tests that give your doctor a snapshot of your body’s chemistry and the way it uses your energy. Most people get a CMP as part of their yearly checkup.

The CMP can tell your doctor:

  1. How your kidneys and liver are working
  2. Your blood sugar (glucose)
  3. Your electrolyte levels
  4. How much protein is in your blood

Your doctor might tell you not to eat or drink anything except water for up to 12 hours before you get this test.


What is Considered Normal?
Your report will usually have one column called a “reference range” and another for your results. If your results are inside the reference range, they’re normal. If they’re above or below it, they’re considered abnormal.

Reference ranges depend on the lab that handles your blood tests. Why? Because different labs use their own special equipment. They also have different ways of analyzing your blood.

There are more than a dozen tests in a CMP. Below are the main tests usually included in a CMP and the general ranges for what’s considered normal.

An important thing to note – always go by the ranges that are on your report because that’s what your doctor will use.

Liver Tests
These check 3 substances your liver makes: ALP, ALT, AST and bilirubin, a waste product of your liver. Normal ranges are:

  • ALP (alkaline phosphatase): 44 to 147 international
    units per liter (IU/L)
  • ALT (alanine amino transferase): 7 to 40 IU/L
  • AST (aspartate amino transferase): 10 to 34 IU/L
  • Bilirubin: 0.3 to 1.9 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL)

The CMP tests albumin, the main protein made by your liver, and the proteins in your blood in general. If these come back low, it could mean liver or kidney disease or a problem with nutrition. Normal ranges are:

  • Albumin: 3.4 to 5.4 grams per deciliter (g/dL)
  • Total protein: 6.0 to 8.3 g/dL

This is also commonly called blood sugar. If it’s too high, it could mean you have diabetes. If it’s too low, you could have a condition called hypoglycemia. The normal range is 70 to 99 mg/dL.
This is important for healthy muscles, nerves, and hormones. If calcium is abnormal, you might have a hormone imbalance or problems with your kidneys, bones, or pancreas. The normal range is 8.6 to 10.2 mg/dL.

source: webmd.com

Disclaimer: The information provided is for educational purposes only and does not constitute medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or qualified healthcare provider with any questions or concerns about your health. Check with your doctor before beginning any nutrition or exercise program. Never disregard or delay seeking medical advice because of something you have heard or read in this article or the internet.

Related Articles
8 Surprising Things to Keep You Cooler This Summer
8 Surprising Things to Keep You Cooler This Summer   For many people, there’s only one thing stopping them from enjoying summer: oppressive heat....
[read more]
What's Lurking Inside Your Pot Belly?
What's Lurking Inside Your Pot Belly? Let’s face it: Too much of fatty foods, delicious meals and indulgence with alcohol creates a beer...
[read more]
Why Cholesterol Matters for Women
Why Cholesterol Matters for Women Cholesterol and triglycerides --- we hear about them all the time. Even foods that might seem good for you...
[read more]
High-Cholesterol Foods: What to Eat & What to Avoid
High-Cholesterol Foods: What to Eat & What to Avoid What Is Cholesterol? Cholesterol is a waxy substance found in your body and in animal products like meat,...
[read more]
Publisher's Page: My Salad Days
Publisher's Page: My Salad Days “Life is what happens to you while you’re busy making other plans.” John Lennon wrote...
[read more]
The Thyroid and Cholesterol Connection
The Thyroid and Cholesterol Connection Why is cholesterol dangerous? Your doctor has probably cautioned you about cholesterol, the fatty, waxy...
[read more]
The Best Salad Ingredients for Weight Loss
The Best Salad Ingredients for Weight Loss Dieters should eat salad to lose weight, right? Wrong! Many people eat salad for weight loss and weight...
[read more]